The 19th century is synonymous with building development that took place in Barcelona. During this century the number of inhabitants of Barcelona grew rapidly thanks to the industrial development. The walls of medieval Barcelona were pulled down in 1859 to enable Barcelona to extend the area of the city. This new quarter was named Eixample, which stands for “extension” in the Catalan language. The plan for extension was elaborated by a Catalan architect Ildefons Cerdá i Sunyer. Since then the whole area became the textbook of Catalan Modernisme.

Places to see:

Passeig de Gràcia

Passeig de Gràcia is a well-known street in Eixample. It is not only a commercial heart of the city but it is also famous for its high number of remarkable and extraordinary buildings. The most famous block of houses is called the Illa de la Discòrdia (= Avenue of Discord). It consists of the four most typical Catalan Modernisme (Art-Nouveau) buildings designed by the best representatives of this style: Antoni Gaudí, Lluíse Domenech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch.

Casa Terrades

The Gothic-like building with six corner spires is the work of Catalan Modernisme architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch who built it between the years 1903 and 1905. The building is also known as Casa de les Punxes, according to its pointed towers (punx means sharp end). This triangular-shaped building is a mixture of Gothic and Renaissance styles.

Museu de la Música

The museum is situated in Palau Baró de Quadras (near the Metro station Diagonal). The building was designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch in 1904. The museum collects and arranges musical instruments from all over the world. The collection of guitars belongs to one of the most comprehensible in Europe.

Gaudí’s buildings: Sagrada Família, Casa Milà

(detailed description in section: Barcelona and Gaudí.)